Problem of Trachoma.
—One of Israel's problems has always been that of trachoma. Owing to the activities of the Hadassah Anti-Trachoma Service, which started its activities in 1919, the disease had been practically eradicated by the end of 1947, especially in the European sector of the population, and the few cases that remained were found in particularly backward Oriental communities. With the mass immigration of Oriental Jews from North Africa, Southern Arabia, Persia, and Iraq in the last three to four years, the disease is now reappearing. It is the most prevalent eye disease among new immigrants, and there are reported to be over 63,000 active cases.According to the report of the health service in 1952, the main reservoirs of infection are mothers and children, and the highest proportion of cases are found in school children. The fact that the majority of persons affected by trachoma live in