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JAMA. 1938;111(27):2494. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790530048016.
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PERPETUATION OF ERRORS IN MEDICAL BIBLIOGRAPHY  In checking the older references in medical periodicals, one not infrequently finds errors in the cited source or in the statement attributed to that source. One of the most astonishing examples has been recently published by Dobell1 in an article entitled "Dr. O. Uplavici (1887-1938)." In January 1887 a paper was published by the late Dr. Jaroslav Hlava in the Časopis lékařův českých (Journal of the Czech Physicians) recording his discovery of amebas in the stools and intestinal ulcers of patients suffering from dysentery. He also reported success in causing dysentery in cats by the intrarectal inoculation of dysenteric stools. Dr. Hlava was professor of pathologic anatomy at Prague. While his paper of 1887, written wholly in the Czech language, was entitled "O úplavici, Předběžné sdělení," meaning "On Dysentery: Preliminary Communication," the original became known to most workers through a brief review in


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