On May 1, 1930, the governor of New York appointed a special commission to survey health conditions in that state and to offer recommendations for improvement. A preliminary report appeared on Feb. 16, 1931, and the final report,1 suitably bound for permanent record, has just been made available. The commission was headed by Dr. Livingston Farrand, and its secretary was the health commissioner of the state, Dr. Thomas Parran, Jr. Every reputable medical and public health agency in the state cooperated in the development of the material, organized medicine being represented by the Medical Society of the State of New York. Among the striking observations is the evidence of great inequalities within the same state not only as to health conditions in general but particularly in reference to the control of certain diseases. Tuberculosis receives vast amounts of attention in comparison to what is done for syphilis and cancer.