There has been a definite reduction in the death rate from tuberculosis in the United States, the rate now being less than one-third that which obtained at the turn of the century. However, the combat with this age-old foe of mankind has by no means been completed. Although displaced by heart disease, cancer and pneumonia at the summit of the causes of death (for all ages), in the very prime of life (from 20 to 35 years) tuberculosis still ranks first as a cause of death. There are not less than 500,000 sufferers from this disease in the United States at the present moment. Let us not be lulled into any false sense of security from past accomplishment; let us attack this disease with the same vigorous attitude with which we confront smallpox or diphtheria. Health departments have been prone to accept the crumbs from monies spent for social betterment.