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JAMA. 1945;129(13):878-887. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860470038015.
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RECONVERSION OF THE 9-9-9 PROGRAM  The 9-9-9 program was devised in order to supply American hospitals with residents. Without it every commissioned officer, which represented 80 per cent of each class, would have been called to active duty at the end of twelve months of internship and the American hospitals would have been practically devoid of residents. The Procurement and Assignment Service made arrangements with the Surgeons General so that a sufficient number of officers could have their active duty orders delayed and the hospitals could have a minimum supply of residents with which to operate during the war. The whole plan constituted a loan of military personnel to civilian institutions by the Surgeons General, and they were willing to enter into the plan because it was perfectly obvious that there was no other supply available with which to keep


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The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
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