Mediterranean anemia is a familial disease of blood which has claimed wide interest in the United States. While formerly it was thought to be a disease of childhood incompatible with longevity, it is now known to exist in milder forms in adults, who are able to live relatively normal lives. In spite of the many reports in the literature dealing with description of cases, we feel that this case because it is so typical should also be recorded.
Our patient was born of Sicilian parents in Augusta, Sicily, and came to this country at the age of 5. His mother and father are in their sixties and are living and well. One brother died at the age of 3 years from an unknown cause. The other brother is 21 years of age and is serving with the United States Army in the Southwest Pacific. His sister, aged 14, has a