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Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry

JAMA. 1944;124(17):1195-1201. doi:10.1001/jama.1944.02850170031008.
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Arnold, L.; Gustafson, C. J.; Hull, T. G.; Montgomery, B. E., and Singer, C.:  The Self-Disinfecting Power of the Skin as a Defense Against Microbe Invasion , Am. J. Hyg. 11: 345-361, 1930.
Price, P. B.:  The Bacteriology of Normal Skin: A New Quantitative Test Applied to a Study of the Bacterial Flora and the Disinfectant Action of Mechanical Cleansing , J. Infect. Dis. 63: 301-318, 1938.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1093/infdis/63.3.301]]
Colebrook, L.: Ministry of Health Interim Report of Departmental Committee on Maternal Mortality and Morbidity: Appendix D. Memorandum on the Sterilization of the Hands, London, His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1930, pp. 122-135.
Hare, R.:  Haemolytic Streptococci in Normal People and Carriers , Lancet 1: 85-88, 1941.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1016/S0140-6736(00)95071-2]]
Cornbleet, T., and Montgomery, B. E.:  Self-Sterilization Powers of the Skin , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 23:908-919 ( (May) ) 1931.
Karns, R., and Arnold, L.:  Optimum Bacterial Suspension for Testing Skin Disinfection , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 28:375-376, 1931.
Fisher, V.:  Variations in Self-Disinfecting Power of the Skin During the Menstrual Cycle , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 28: 952-953 1931.
Arnold, L.:  Relationship Between Certain Physicochemical Changes in the Cornified Layer and the Endogenous Bacterial Flora of the Skin , J. Invest. Dermat. 5:207-223, 1942.
Norton, J. F., and Novy, M. F.:  Studies on the Self-Disinfecting Power of the Skin . Am. J. Pub. Health 21: 1117-1125, 1931.
Walker, J. E.:  The Germicidal Properties of Soap , J. Infect. Dis. 37: 181-192, 1925.
Walker, J. E.:  The Germicidal Properties of Chemically Pure Soaps , J. Infect. Dis. 35: 557-566, 1924.
Colebrook, L., and Maxted, W. R.:  Antisepsis in Midwifery , J. Obst. & Gynaec. Brit. Emp. 40: 966-990, 1933.
Walker, J. E.:  The Germicidal Properties of Soap , J. Infect. Dis. 38: 127-130, 1926.
Walker, J. E.:  The Germical and Therapeutic Applications of Soaps , J. A. M. A. 97: 19-20 ( (July 4) ) 1931.
Cowles, P. B.:  The Germicidal Action of the Hydrogen Ion and of the Lower Fatty Acids , Yale J. Biol. & Med. 13: 571-578, 1941.
Valette, G., and Liber, A.:  Influence du pH sur le pouvoir antiseptique des savons et des sels biliaires , Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 135: 851-852, 1941.
Hamilton, H. C.:  Facts and Fallacies in Disinfection , Am. J. Pub. Health 7: 282-295, 1917.
McClintock, C. T.:  A New, Practical Disinfectant Material , M. News, New York 70: 485-487, 1897.
Symes, J. O.:  The Antiseptic and Disinfectant Properties of Soap , Bristol M.-Chir. J. 17: 193-197, 1899.
Norton, J. F.:  Soaps in Relation to Their Use for Hand Washing , J. A. M. A. 75:302-305 ( (July 31) ) 1920.
Ruehle, G. L. A., and Brewer, C. M.: United States Food and Drug Administration Methods of Testing Antiseptics and Disinfectants , Circular 198, United States Department of Agriculture, (December) 1931.
Shippen, L. P.:  A Fallacy in the Standard Methods of Examining Disinfectants , Am. J. Pub. Health 18: 1231-1234, 1928.
Brewer, J. H.:  Clear Liquid Mediums for the "Aerobic" Cultivation of Anaerobes , J. A. M. A. 115: 598-600 ( (Aug. 24) ) 1940.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.1940.72810340001009]]
McClung, L. S.:  Thioglycollate Media for the Cultivation of Pathogenic Clostridia , J. Bact. 45:58, 1943.
Birkhaug, K. E.:  Metaphen (4-Nitro-3 5 Bisacetoxymercuri-2-Cresol): I. A Comparative Study of Commonly Used Disinfectants and Antiseptics; II. Histologic Changes Produced by the Intravenous Administration of Metaphen in Rabbits , J. A. M. A. 95:917-923 ( (Sept. 27) ) 1930.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.1930.02720130013004]]
Nye, R. N.:  The Relative In Vitro Activity of Certain Antiseptics in Aqueous Solution , J. A. M. A. 108:280-287 ( (Jan. 23) ) 1937.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.1937.02780040030007]]
Ecker, E. E., and Smith, R.:  Time-Killing Concentrations of Various Mercurials , Mod. Hosp. 48:90-94, 1937.
Hoyt, A.; Fisk, R. T., and Burde, G.:  Antibacterial Action of Certain Disinfectants , Surgery 12:786-790, 1942.
Kempf, A. H., and Nungester, W. J.:  An In Vivo Test for the Evaluation of Skin Disinfectants , J. Bact. 43: 49-50, 1942.
Sarber, R. W.:  An In Vivo Method for the Evaluation of Germicidal Substances Used for Skin Disinfection , J. Bact. 43: 50, 1942.
Price, P. B.:  Ethyl Alcohol as a Germicide , Arch. Surg. 38: 528-542 ( (March) ) 1939
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/archsurg.1939.01200090135010]]
Bernstein, L. H. T.:  Standardization of Skin Disinfectants , J. Bact. 43: 50-51, 1942.
Cromwell, H. W., and Leffler, R.:  Evaluation of "Skin Degerming" Agents by a Modification of the Price Method , J. Bact. 43: 51-52, 1942.


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