We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......

Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry

JAMA. 1944;124(17):1195-1201. doi:10.1001/jama.1944.02850170031008.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Arnold, L.; Gustafson, C. J.; Hull, T. G.; Montgomery, B. E., and Singer, C.:  The Self-Disinfecting Power of the Skin as a Defense Against Microbe Invasion , Am. J. Hyg. 11: 345-361, 1930.
Price, P. B.:  The Bacteriology of Normal Skin: A New Quantitative Test Applied to a Study of the Bacterial Flora and the Disinfectant Action of Mechanical Cleansing , J. Infect. Dis. 63: 301-318, 1938.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1093/infdis/63.3.301]]
Colebrook, L.: Ministry of Health Interim Report of Departmental Committee on Maternal Mortality and Morbidity: Appendix D. Memorandum on the Sterilization of the Hands, London, His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1930, pp. 122-135.
Hare, R.:  Haemolytic Streptococci in Normal People and Carriers , Lancet 1: 85-88, 1941.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1016/S0140-6736(00)95071-2]]
Cornbleet, T., and Montgomery, B. E.:  Self-Sterilization Powers of the Skin , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 23:908-919 ( (May) ) 1931.
Karns, R., and Arnold, L.:  Optimum Bacterial Suspension for Testing Skin Disinfection , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 28:375-376, 1931.
Fisher, V.:  Variations in Self-Disinfecting Power of the Skin During the Menstrual Cycle , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 28: 952-953 1931.
Arnold, L.:  Relationship Between Certain Physicochemical Changes in the Cornified Layer and the Endogenous Bacterial Flora of the Skin , J. Invest. Dermat. 5:207-223, 1942.
Norton, J. F., and Novy, M. F.:  Studies on the Self-Disinfecting Power of the Skin . Am. J. Pub. Health 21: 1117-1125, 1931.
Walker, J. E.:  The Germicidal Properties of Soap , J. Infect. Dis. 37: 181-192, 1925.
Walker, J. E.:  The Germicidal Properties of Chemically Pure Soaps , J. Infect. Dis. 35: 557-566, 1924.
Colebrook, L., and Maxted, W. R.:  Antisepsis in Midwifery , J. Obst. & Gynaec. Brit. Emp. 40: 966-990, 1933.
Walker, J. E.:  The Germicidal Properties of Soap , J. Infect. Dis. 38: 127-130, 1926.
Walker, J. E.:  The Germical and Therapeutic Applications of Soaps , J. A. M. A. 97: 19-20 ( (July 4) ) 1931.
Cowles, P. B.:  The Germicidal Action of the Hydrogen Ion and of the Lower Fatty Acids , Yale J. Biol. & Med. 13: 571-578, 1941.
Valette, G., and Liber, A.:  Influence du pH sur le pouvoir antiseptique des savons et des sels biliaires , Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 135: 851-852, 1941.
Hamilton, H. C.:  Facts and Fallacies in Disinfection , Am. J. Pub. Health 7: 282-295, 1917.
McClintock, C. T.:  A New, Practical Disinfectant Material , M. News, New York 70: 485-487, 1897.
Symes, J. O.:  The Antiseptic and Disinfectant Properties of Soap , Bristol M.-Chir. J. 17: 193-197, 1899.
Norton, J. F.:  Soaps in Relation to Their Use for Hand Washing , J. A. M. A. 75:302-305 ( (July 31) ) 1920.
Ruehle, G. L. A., and Brewer, C. M.: United States Food and Drug Administration Methods of Testing Antiseptics and Disinfectants , Circular 198, United States Department of Agriculture, (December) 1931.
Shippen, L. P.:  A Fallacy in the Standard Methods of Examining Disinfectants , Am. J. Pub. Health 18: 1231-1234, 1928.
Brewer, J. H.:  Clear Liquid Mediums for the "Aerobic" Cultivation of Anaerobes , J. A. M. A. 115: 598-600 ( (Aug. 24) ) 1940.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.1940.72810340001009]]
McClung, L. S.:  Thioglycollate Media for the Cultivation of Pathogenic Clostridia , J. Bact. 45:58, 1943.
Birkhaug, K. E.:  Metaphen (4-Nitro-3 5 Bisacetoxymercuri-2-Cresol): I. A Comparative Study of Commonly Used Disinfectants and Antiseptics; II. Histologic Changes Produced by the Intravenous Administration of Metaphen in Rabbits , J. A. M. A. 95:917-923 ( (Sept. 27) ) 1930.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.1930.02720130013004]]
Nye, R. N.:  The Relative In Vitro Activity of Certain Antiseptics in Aqueous Solution , J. A. M. A. 108:280-287 ( (Jan. 23) ) 1937.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.1937.02780040030007]]
Ecker, E. E., and Smith, R.:  Time-Killing Concentrations of Various Mercurials , Mod. Hosp. 48:90-94, 1937.
Hoyt, A.; Fisk, R. T., and Burde, G.:  Antibacterial Action of Certain Disinfectants , Surgery 12:786-790, 1942.
Kempf, A. H., and Nungester, W. J.:  An In Vivo Test for the Evaluation of Skin Disinfectants , J. Bact. 43: 49-50, 1942.
Sarber, R. W.:  An In Vivo Method for the Evaluation of Germicidal Substances Used for Skin Disinfection , J. Bact. 43: 50, 1942.
Price, P. B.:  Ethyl Alcohol as a Germicide , Arch. Surg. 38: 528-542 ( (March) ) 1939
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/archsurg.1939.01200090135010]]
Bernstein, L. H. T.:  Standardization of Skin Disinfectants , J. Bact. 43: 50-51, 1942.
Cromwell, H. W., and Leffler, R.:  Evaluation of "Skin Degerming" Agents by a Modification of the Price Method , J. Bact. 43: 51-52, 1942.


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.