Scabies, by its annoying and distracting itch, is the source of considerable wartime disability. All modern methods of treatment of scabies have as their ultimate aim the use of a substance easily applied, rapidly lethal to mites and eggs and nonirritating to the skin. This aim is now an urgent wartime goal, since the saving of sick days means more men at more guns. It is with this purpose in mind that the procedures here described were instituted at the U. S. Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, and Camp McIntire Dispensary.
Kissmeyer1 in 1937 reported on Nielsen's rapid ambulatory treatment for scabies. He used benzyl benzoate, soft soap (B. P. 1932) and isopropyl alcohol of each equal parts. In 1942 Mellanby and his associates2 applied the benzyl benzoate lotion with and without the bath and found the treatment 100 per cent effective. They concluded that benzyl benzoate was