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A. J. Hertzog, M.D.; Isabell Logan Cameron, M.D.; A. E. Karlstrom, M.D.
JAMA. 1944;124(8):502-503. doi:10.1001/jama.1944.62850080001009.
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Influenzal meningitis is generally considered to be a noncontagious sporadic disease of infants. The causative organism is Haemophilus influenzae, a gram negative bacillus described by Pfeiffer in 1892. Levinson1 reports that from 79 to 80 per cent of cases occur in children under 2 years of age. The appearance of this disease in brothers aged 4 years and 2 years respectively, with an acute fulminating course and death within twenty-four hours of onset, is considered worthy of record as it emphasizes the potential contagious nature of influenzal meningitis. In a search of the literature the only other occurrence of the disease among siblings that we could find was that of a report by Davis2 in 1909 in which he described influenzal meningitis in newborn twins. Both infants contracted the disease on the fifth day of life. One twin died on the ninth day of life and the other


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