Artificial means to replace the act of breathing need not be complicated or difficult.1 Any intelligent person, even a child, may be taught to perform artificial respiration which is adequate and safe.
In his teaching at Padua four hundred years ago Vesalius2 emphasized the importance of proper respect for the thoughts of the ancients—an excellent attitude of mind for modern people. He demonstrated the adequacy of simple intermittent inflation of the lungs with air as a substitute for normal breathing. Goodwyn3 was the first physician to apply the knowledge of the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide during respiration. He called attention to the advantage of adding oxygen to the atmosphere used during artificial respiration. In the intelligent employment of these two contributions is embraced the beginning and the end of "artificial respiration." There is no more to it than that. And yet in the century and