Dr. Charles Nicolle
Dr. Nicolle, director of the Institut Pasteur in Tunis, who was awarded the Nobel prize in medicine for 1928 for his researches on typhus, was born at Rouen in 1866. He was a pupil of Duclaux, Metchnikoff and Roux. He began his career as professor in the Ecole de médecine de Rouen, where he created a center for microbiologic studies. In 1903, he accepted a call to Tunis to organize the Institut Pasteur. With his collaborators he has studied the diseases that concern more particularly northern Africa: undulant fever, kala-azar, bilharziasis, trachoma and, especially, typhus. He discovered the mode of transmission of typhus and pointed out the measures of protection. He is a national associate member of the Académie de médecine, and, since 1920, has been a corresponding member of the Académie des sciences. In 1927, the Institut de France awarded him the Osiris prize.