JAMA. 1935;104(18):1663-1664. doi:10.1001/jama.1935.02760180095036.
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THE PRACTITIONER'S RESPONSIBILITY WHEN FUGITIVES ATTEMPT TO CONCEAL IDENTITY BY MEANS OF SURGERY  J. EDGAR HOOVER Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U. S. Department of Justice Washington, D. C.A postmortem examination of the body of John Dillinger disclosed that efforts had been made to alter the pattern appearing on the bulbs of his fingers, and that operations had been performed on his face in an effort to obscure his identity. That the effort to alter his facial appearance had proved unsuccessful was demonstrated when special agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, United States Department of Justice, recognized him instantly and brought his career to a close on encountering armed resistance from him at Chicago on July 22, 1934. That the attempt to mutilate his fingerprints was equally unsuccessful was shown by the fact that the bureau's fingerprint experts found 300 characteristics remaining in these patterns whereby Dillinger's identity


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