The authors have attempted to state underlying principles of the practice of surgery and to correlate surgical nursing procedures with these principles. They have been fairly successful, though the correlation might be improved. In some instances the treatment represented to be indicated is apparently quite individualistic and does not conform to the accepted principles of many surgeons. There is a tendency to encourage the nurse to take over a considerable part of what is still regarded as the practice of medicine. The illustrations might be improved in order to cause them to be of educational value and not merely illustrations. Submitting this edition to a representative group of recognized surgeons and conforming to their recommendations might result in a more practical, worth-while third edition.