THERAPY OF ANTHRAX
The diagnosis is given under Carbuncle.
PROPHYLAXIS IN ANIMALS
The carcass of an infected animal, which must not be skinned or opened, should be destroyed by burning, if possible, or otherwise by thoroughly covering with powdered unslaked lime and burying it, at least 6 feet deep, in an unfrequented fenced-off place. Ground contaminated with discharges should be burned over. If the animal dies in a stable, everything contaminated must be disinfected and, if possible, burned.Animals should be protected by not being permitted to graze on land known or suspected to be infected, and being kept during an outbreak from exposure to all insects that may act as carriers, until the animals are immunized.Combined active and passive immunization should be accomplished by subcutaneous injection of antiserum and of vaccine. Immunity is acquired in ten or twelve days and lasts for at least a year.