The art of resuscitation1 has made great advances during the past twenty years both in theory and in practice. These advances will be briefly reviewed here. There are also some developments to report, so recent that they have not yet reached practical application, and some further developments are indicated as probable during the next few years. Such developments deserve encouragement, for there are still large possibilities of improvement in the field of resuscitation. The chief objects of this article are three:
To promote the widest possible use of those measures and devices that have been proved by experience to be safe and effective.
To give warning against the use of drugs and apparatus that, instead of benefiting, may injure patients or may even result in loss of life.
To show that the facts of resuscitation largely refute the theory of asphyxia that is now generally accepted, and