Correction: This article was corrected online August 2, 2016, to fix an incomplete URL for the full report.
Published Online: June 15, 2016. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3332.
Study concept and design: Lin, Piper, Perdue, Whitlock.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Lin, Piper, Rutter, Webber.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Lin, Piper, Perdue, Rutter, O’Connor, Smith, Whitlock.
Statistical analysis: Lin, Piper, Rutter, O’Connor, Smith.
Obtained funding: Lin, Whitlock.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Piper, Perdue, Webber.
Study supervision: Lin, Whitlock.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: This research was funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under a contract to support the USPSTF.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: Investigators worked with USPSTF members and AHRQ staff to develop the scope, analytic framework, and key questions for this review. AHRQ staff provided project oversight; reviewed the report to ensure that the analysis met methodological standards; and distributed the draft for peer review. AHRQ reviewed and approved the manuscript before submission, but had no role in the design and conduct of the study including study selection, quality assessment, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We gratefully acknowledge the following individuals for their contributions to this project: Smyth Lai, MLS; Kevin Lutz, MFA; and Elizabeth Hess, MA, ELS(D), at the Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research; Jennifer Croswell, MD, MPH, at the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; and current and former members of the US Preventive Services Task Force who contributed to topic deliberations. USPSTF members, peer reviewers, and federal partner reviewers did not receive financial compensation for their contributions.
Additional Information: A draft version of this evidence report underwent external peer review from 6 content experts (James Allison, MD, University of California, San Francisco; Samir Gupta, MD, MSCS, University of California, San Diego; Theodore R. Levin, MD, Kaiser Permanente; David Lieberman, MD, Oregon Health & Science University; Perry Pickhardt, MD, MPH, University of Wisconsin; David Ransohoff, MD, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill) and 4 federal partners: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs, and Indian Health Service. Comments were presented to the USPSTF during its deliberation of the evidence and were considered in preparing the final evidence review.
Editorial Disclaimer: This evidence report is presented as a document in support of the accompanying USPSTF Recommendation Statement. It did not undergo additional peer review after submission to JAMA.