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THE HOSPITAL AND THE SCIENTIFIC OBSERVATION OF PATIENTS

JAMA. 1927;89(27):2264-2265. doi:10.1001/jama.1927.02690270030010.
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The rôle of experiment in medicine—a characteristic of modern progress in the domain of the physician's activities—was aptly outlined by Frederic S. Lee1 in his Jesup Lectures for 1911. He pointed out that in contrast with the ancient physician the modern devotee of medicine does not rely on a philosophical system. Like his forerunner, however, he, too, observes phenomena under their natural conditions; but he goes further than this and alters the conditions, and thus he obtains an alteration of the phenomena and a new standpoint from which to view them. He may apply to the cure of disease past experience, it is true, but it is past experience that has been put to the test of modern experiment. Moreover, by the aid of further experiment he pushes out into the unknown, sees disease from unusual standpoints, and devises new and hitherto unsuspected methods of dealing with it. If

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