JAMA. 1931;96(12):962-963. doi:10.1001/jama.1931.02720380050024.
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The Certification of Specialists  In the last twenty years the faculty at Haydar Pasha and the Gülhane Hospital, which is a teaching hospital, has produced a number of specialists who have supplemented their studies by graduate work at European institutions, where they have received special certificates. While most specialists have devoted years of study to their special line, there are others who have worked at it for only a short time. The latter have increased in number, and in order to provide the public with efficient service the council of state drafted regulations, which have been adopted by the government.Specialist certificates having been issued by institutions approved by the Turkish medical school or by the ministry of health and social assistance, or those issued by a hospital or laboratory of a foreign country, recognized by the Turkish medical faculty, are divided into three main groups, clinical, laboratory or hygiene


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