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DISEASES OF ITALIAN EAST AFRICA

JAMA. 1941;117(2):112-113. doi:10.1001/jama.1941.02820280034010.
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In view of the present necessity for large scale troop movements in Eritrea, Abyssinia and Italian Somaliland, the recent review of prevalent diseases in these areas by Manson-Bahr1 is timely. Malaria, he says, takes pride of place as chief impediment to European colonization, and in Abyssinia the incidence of various forms of malaria is exceptionally high in spite of the mountainous nature of the country. In Eritrea malaria is everywhere present. In Somaliland this disease is absent from the arid deserts but is widely spread in the cultivated and irrigated districts. Both the visceral type of leishmaniasis—kala-azar—and the cutaneous from— oriental sore—occur throughout Eritrea and Abyssinia. Human trypanosomiasis has not yet been discovered in Abyssinia, but various species of tsetse fly are found in the south. In southern Somaliland one species of that fly (Glossina pallidipes) is the vector of the animal trypanosomiasis in that area. Relapsing fever is

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