Dentistry, no longer a subsidiary and handmaiden to barbering and blacksmithing, presents itself today as an independent scientific profession. Its trials and vicissitudes, from the care of the dental furniture of ancient Egyptians and Hindus to its present high state, are traced magnificently in the report on Dental Education in the United States and Canada1 just issued by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. The first books on dentistry were published in the United States in 1801 and 1802, and the first dental school was established in 1840. The American Society of Dental Surgeons was likewise established in 1840 as the first national association of dentists. In 1913, the national dental association was reorganized on a plan similar to that followed by the American Medical Association. Today dental schools, dental journals, research institutions and other organizations represent the tremendous progress that has been achieved.
From the first,