D. E. Howell, Ph.D.; George W. Stiles, M.D., Ph.D.
JAMA. 1941;116(14):1517-1518. doi:10.1001/jama.1941.62820140003007a.
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Entomologic and medical literature contain but few references to hippoboscid flies biting human beings, and we have found no instances of severe reactions following the bites of these insects. Brumpt1 stated that the injury is scarcely felt and that one must notice the engorgement of the fly's abdomen with blood to be sure of the bite. Moutier2 recorded the case of a servant girl who had been bitten by several louse flies, Crataerina pallida (Lat.) but mentioned only the lesions resulting from scratching. Hippobosca equina (Linn.), the forest fly, is known to feed on man in the absence of its normal host, but no records of severe reactions are available. Hippobosca camelina (Savigny) has a relatively painless bite but does leave a slightly itching pimple at the site of the bite. Brumpt fed Lipoptena cervi (Linn.) on himself but scarcely noticed the bite. The location of the bite


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