We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Viewpoint |

The End of the One-Child Policy Lasting Implications for China

Therese Hesketh, PhD, FFPH1,2; Xudong Zhou, PhD2; Yun Wang, MPhil2
[+] Author Affiliations
1Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
2Institute of Social Medicine, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang, China
JAMA. 2015;314(24):2619-2620. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16279.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


This Viewpoint discusses aspects of the one-child policy in China and speculates on the future of the population with the newly announced two-child policy.

The Chinese government has just announced that China’s one-child policy has been lifted, to be replaced by a universal two-child policy. The implications of the one-child policy for modern China cannot be overstated. This policy has profoundly affected the lives of one-fifth of the world’s population for 35 years, at the most personal level of reproductive choice. In this Viewpoint, we describe why the policy was introduced (and why it may not even have been necessary); summarize the demographic, health, and social ramifications of the policy, both positive and negative; and consider whether this change is too late to address the demographic and social imbalances attributed to the policy.

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

2 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

See Also...
Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections
PubMed Articles