JAMA. 1927;88(18):1377-1379. doi:10.1001/jama.1927.02680440011004.
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In the autumn of life one perhaps may be privileged to become reminiscent. A brief review of my own medical college experiences and lifelong attempts to improve my knowledge by visits to the great medical clinics of the world may aid in an interpretation of my personal views of present-day methods of medical education.

In 1880 after high school, two years in Niles Academy, and one year in a private school for languages and sciences, I entered the medical department of the University of Michigan. I graduated in 1883, when I was 21. The year 1880 marked the commencement at the University of Michigan of a medical course of three years, with nine months to the school year. The three-year course was an innovation which at that time had been adopted by but few medical schools in this country. Most of the schools still gave a two-year course of five


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