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BENIGN LESIONS OF THE FEMALE BREAST SIMULATING CANCER

MAX CUTLER, M.D.
JAMA. 1933;101(16):1217-1222. doi:10.1001/jama.1933.02740410019005.
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Authorities on the subject of neoplasms of the breast are agreed that radical excision constitutes the accepted method for the treatment of all tumors of the breast which exhibit the clinical signs of cancer. This attitude has brought into prominence a group of innocent lesions of the breast accompanied by such classic signs of cancer as to lead to their radical removal under erroneous diagnoses. As the education of the laity has progressed and patients consult their physicians more often soon after the first signs of disease, the task and responsibility of the physician have been greatly increased both in diagnosis and in treatment.

It is the purpose of this communication to describe several innocent states of the breast which simulate cancer and discuss the diagnosis and treatment of some borderline conditions the exact nature and future course of which it is becoming increasingly difficult to estimate as they are

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