The opening of the schools this month means the return of millions of children to their studies and the entry of other millions for the first time on a life that is totally new to them. The entry into school represents one of the most radical transitions in the life of a child. It takes place at the end of a period in the child's life which is often neglected from the standpoint of health. Thus, children entering school are customarily found suffering with large numbers of correctable defects.
Until about 1924, not much stress was laid on health problems affecting children of the ages between infancy and school. Infant health had its place in the limelight during and just after the war, while school health had been the subject of attention since the last decade of the nineteenth century. In between lay the preschool years, the runabout period, during