Group Information: The ALaCaRT Investigators are listed in Supplement 1.
Study concept and design: Stevenson, Solomon, Lumley, Hewett, Clouston, Gebski, Hague, Simes.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Stevenson, Gebski, Davies, Wilson, Hague, Simes.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Stevenson, Solomon, Lumley, Hewett, Clouston, Gebski, Hague, Simes.
Statistical analysis: Solomon, Gebski, Davies, Simes.
Obtained funding: Stevenson, Clouston, Hague, Simes.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Stevenson, Solomon, Lumley, Hewett, Clouston, Wilson, Hague.
Study supervision: Stevenson, Solomon, Lumley, Gebski, Hague, Simes.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: The study was supported by grants from the Colorectal Surgical Society of Australia and New Zealand Foundation and the National Health and Medical Research Council.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The trial was conducted under the auspices of the Australasian Gastro-Intestinal Trials Group, the legal sponsor, independently of the funders. The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: Preliminary data were presented at the Tripartite Colorectal Meeting of the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons; Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland; Section of Coloproctology, Royal Society of Medicine; the Colon and Rectal Surgery Section, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and the Colorectal Surgical Society of Australia and New Zealand, in association with the European Society of Coloproctology; June 30-July 3, 2014; Birmingham, England; and at the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons Annual Scientific Meeting; May 30-June 3, 2015; Boston, Massachusetts.
Additional Contributions: We thank Russell Stitz, MBBS, FRACS, FRCS, AM (Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital, Brisbane, Australia, and Health Quality and Complaints Commissioner, Queensland, Australia), for providing independent assessment of surgeon eligibility. Dr Stitz did not receive compensation. We also thank Rhana Pike, ELS, CMPP (NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre), for assistance with the manuscript. Ms Pike is employed by the Clinical Trials Centre and was not specifically compensated.