Study concept and design: Valley, Ryan, Cooke.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Valley, Sjoding, Ryan, Iwashyna, Cooke.
Drafting of the manuscript: Valley, Cooke.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Valley, Sjoding, Ryan, Iwashyna, Cooke.
Statistical analysis: Valley, Sjoding, Ryan, Iwashyna.
Obtained funding: Cooke.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Cooke.
Study supervision: Cooke.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported by grant T32HL007749 from the National Institutes of Health (Drs Valley and Sjoding), grant 11-109 from the Department of Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Service (Dr Iwashyna), and grant K08HS020672 from Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (Dr Cooke).
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding organizations had no role in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data; in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; or in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: This article does not necessarily represent the view of the US government or the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Correction: This article was corrected on October 20, 2015, for a typo in Dr Cooke’s affiliation.