JAMA. 1926;87(18):1494-1495. doi:10.1001/jama.1926.02680180066026.
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Evidence Opposed to the Darwinian Conceptions of the Origin of Species  At the recent session of anthropologists in Salzburg, Professor Westenhöfer, the curator of the Pathologic Museum in Berlin, declared, in opposition to the darwinian theory of the origin of species that man is the oldest type of mammal. Westenhöfer stated that in addition to the numerous primitive characteristics of man, primitive conditions in morphology of certain internal organs, also, have been retained in many human beings and among many different races. Westenhöfer designates these characteristics as "progonisms." To that type belong the funnel-shaped cecum and the vermiform appendix, as well as the lobulated kidneys, the splenic notches and the supplementary spleens (the so-called progonic triad). As the last two peculiarities occur almost exclusively in water mammals, the presumption seemed justified that life in the water had prevented further development or consolidation of these organs, and that the forebears of


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