Study concept and design: Andersen, K. Berg, Raymond, R. Berg, Nadkarni, Donnino.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Andersen, K. Berg, Donnino.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Andersen, Saindon, Massaro, Donnino.
Study supervision: Donnino.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Donnino reported being a paid consultant for the American Heart Association. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: Dr Donnino is supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) (1K02HL107447-01A1) and American Heart Association (AHA) (14GRNT2001002). Dr K. Berg is supported by the AHA (13CRP16930000).
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The NHLBI had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication. The AHA maintains the GWTG-R registry and oversees/approves data queries and manuscript submissions. However, the author group is responsible for the conception of the project, all data analyses, and manuscript writing.
Get With the Guidelines–Resuscitation Investigators: In addition to the authors Tia T. Raymond, MD, and Vinay M. Nadkarni, MD, members of the Get With the Guidelines–Resuscitation Pediatric Task Force include Alexis A. Topjian, MD, MSCE, Elizabeth Foglia, MD, MA, and Robert Sutton, MD, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia; Emilie Allen, MSN, RN, CCRN, Parkland Health and Hospital System; Melania Bembea, MD, MPH, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; Ericka Fink, MD, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine; Michael G. Gaies, MD, MPH, University of Michigan; Anne-Marie Guerguerian, MD, PhD, and Chris Parshuram, MB ChB, DPhil, The Hospital for Sick Children; Monica Kleinman, MD, Boston Children’s Hospital; Lynda J. Knight, RN, CCRN, CPN, Stanford Children’s Health Hospital; Peter C. Laussen, MB BS, University of Toronto; Taylor Sawyer, DO, MEd, Seattle Children’s Hospital; and Stephen M. Schexnayder, MD, Arkansas Children’s Hospital.
Additional Contributions: We thank Francesca Montillo, MM, Emergency Department, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, for editorial assistance and Valerie Teal, MS, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, for assisting with data acquisition. Neither received any specific financial compensation for their role in the current study.