The Improvement of the Race
In an address before the ninth annual meeting of the International Federation of Eugenic organizations, Sir Arthur Keith considered the effect of modern civilization on man. Was the generation growing up as fit in body and mind as the one it would replace? Was there evidence of deterioration? If civilization was tending to exchange ability for mediocrity, measures would have to be discovered to alter this. He hoped that the forces which had raised man to his present status would raise him still higher. He approached eugenics with the eye of the prehistorian. There were only two chapters in man's evolutionary history. The first began with emergence from the Pithecanthropoid stage and ended with the full-blown types of humanity such as were found in Europe and South Africa toward the end of the last ice age. In that phase, progress was effected amid natural surroundings.