Such volumes as this emphasize anew the importance of being historically minded. Here are case records from the New York Hospital during the years 1808 to 1833. They concern surgery such as operations for hernia, aneurysm and bone infection, and such medical conditions as tetanus, snake bite, ptyalism and syphilis. It is possible, in the light of modern knowledge, to read these reports with tolerant amusement; it is also possible in the light of modern ignorance to marvel at the remarkable accomplishments of that day, considering the fundamental knowledge that was lacking. The book is well printed and handsomely illustrated.