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Charles A. Hill, M.D.
JAMA. 1923;81(12):1014. doi:10.1001/jama.1923.26510120002011a.
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Cystoscopy in the female, especially when the irrigation of the kidneys, the dilation of ureteral constrictions, injections in pyelography, or the study of urine specimens is undertaken, necessitates a technic that requires the services of a trained assistant or nurse, and this fact limits the use of the cystoscope to one who is surrounded by such assistants.

There can be no doubt that many an enthusiast in this work is forced to disregard his desires, owing to the fact that cystoscopy and treatment of the female kidney and ureteral tract cannot be properly and successfully carried out without competent assistance.

With the technic that I employ, and with a trained assistant nurse, it is often found necessary for the assistant to hold the cystoscope under such conditions as during the changing of catheters, in irrigations, in pyelography when the cystoscope is not removed that the catheter may be reintroduced to


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