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JAMA. 1925;84(20):1511-1512. doi:10.1001/jama.1925.02660460047026.
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ABSTRACT

Conditions of Physicians and Sanitation in Russia  Dr. George Rozvany, former military surgeon, who has just returned from Russia after eight years' imprisonment, relates the following: Although the soviet government regards physicians as productive workers, still, since they are nationalized, that is, paid by the state, they are in very bad circumstances. Lately private practice has been permitted, but income from this source is subjected to such a heavy tax that it amounts to nothing. Physicians say that their salary keeps them from dying of starvation, but is too little to live on. Most people are unable to afford private physicians; therefore, the hospitals are always crowded. In one of the Leningrad hospitals there were 57,000 childbirths in one year. The equipment of some hospitals is above criticism. The roentgen-ray hospital in Leningrad is a beautiful sight; it is equipped with the most modern installation for diagnosis and therapy. In

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