JAMA. 1923;80(14):1005-1006. doi:10.1001/jama.1923.02640410035018.
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There is obvious wisdom in the belief that any activity in which the human body plays so large a part as it does in industry must be organized on a physiologic basis before the highest degree of efficiency can be secured. During the World War, at a time when the most or the best was expected of every citizen, Lee4 reminded us that no factory mechanism approaches the human machine in its intricacy, the perfection of the correlation of its working parts, its combination of delicacy and strength, and its adaptability to the work required of it. None is so essential to industry. Nevertheless, as Lee has further pointed out, the present ways of handling the human machine are empiric and crude. Experience has taught most industrial managers what they believe to be the proper ways of dealing with the workers, and experience is conceived to be the best


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