Study concept and design: Schweizer, Septimus, Braun, Hickok, Perencevich, Richards, Cavanaugh, Herwaldt.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Schweizer, Chiang, Septimus, Moody, Braun, Hafner, Ward, Hickok, Perencevich, Diekema, Richards, Cavanaugh, Perlin, Herwaldt.
Drafting of the manuscript: Schweizer, Chiang, Septimus, Moody, Ward, Cavanaugh, Herwaldt.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Schweizer, Chiang, Septimus, Braun, Hafner, Hickok, Perencevich, Diekema, Richards, Cavanaugh, Perlin, Herwaldt.
Statistical analysis: Chiang, Septimus, Ward, Cavanaugh.
Obtained funding: Schweizer, Braun, Hafner, Perencevich, Richards, Cavanaugh, Perlin, Herwaldt.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Schweizer, Septimus, Moody, Braun, Hafner, Ward, Hickok, Diekema, Richards, Perlin.
Study supervision: Schweizer, Septimus, Braun, Hafner, Hickok, Perencevich, Cavanaugh, Perlin, Herwaldt.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Septimus reports receiving support from Sage and Molnlycke. Ms Moody reports receiving grant funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and nonfinancial support from Sage and Molnlycke. Mr Hickok reports receiving grant support from the CDC and NIH and nonfinancial support from Sage and Molnlycke. Dr Perencevich reports receiving grant support from Cubist Pharmaceuticals. Dr Diekema reports being chair of the CDC Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee and receiving grant funding from bioMerieux. Dr Perlin reports receiving grant funding from the CDC and nonfinancial support from Sage and Molnlycke. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This project was funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ; HHSA2902006100021I and grant HS022467-02), US Department of Health and Human Services. It also received support from the VA Health Services Research and Development (CDA 11-211; Dr Schweizer).
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this document are those of the authors and do not reflect the official position of AHRQ, the US Department of Health and Human Services, or the US Department of Veterans Affairs.
Additional Contributions: We thank our technical expert panel: Michael Banbury, MD; Dale Bratzler, DO, MPH; Joseph Buckwalter, MD, MS; E. Patchen Dellinger, MD; Richard Embrey, MD, MBA; Stephan Harbarth, MD; Keith Kaye, MD, MPH; Matthew Koff, MD; Randy Loftus, MD; Vincent Pellegrini, MD; James Steinberg, MD; and Edward Wong, MD. We would also like to thank Jacqueline Dourlet Drew (The Joint Commission) for administrative support and Caren Spencer-Smith, Lorraine Rognstad, Thomas Hoy, Lindsey Vanatta, Jennifer Singer, Amanda Foster, Nicholas Bryant, Praveen Komarraju, and Pridhviraj Nandarapu (all from HCA Information Technology) for informatics and data management services. We also thank Kacie Kleja, MS, and Joe Dunn, MA (HCA Clinical Services Group), for assistance with the creation and distribution of the preintervention and postintervention surveys, and Kim Korwek, PhD (HCA), for assistance with manuscript edits. We thank STOP SSI study liaisons and clinical champions for their outstanding efforts to collect data, encourage adherence, and provide site management: Janna Jernigan Matautia, Kathleen Wright, Mariamma Mathew, Michael Washington, and David Jason Oberste (Capital Regional Medical Center); Sheila Gebel, Denise Leaptrot, and Sande Day (Coliseum Medical Center); Manuel Feliberti and Pat Mayberry (Del Sol Medical Center); Larry Feinman, Paula (Doris) Bates, Julie Hunter, Cindy Pulley, and Olga Somek (Largo Medical Center); Michael Driks, Stacey Estes-Juve, Joan Jenne, and Mary Young (Lee’s Summit Medical Center); Muddasar Chaudry, Sheri Franklin, and Teresa Stowasser (Lewis Gale Medical Center); Stuart Gardner, Maribeth Coluni, and Teresa Kenyon (Lewis Gale Hospital—Montgomery); James Lovelace and Christine Ludwig (Lewis Gale Hospital—Pulaski); Mark Hebert, Leonard “Gale” Charns, Regina Suniga, and Christi Zumwalt (Medical City Dallas Hospital); Darien Bradford, Belinda Holley, Toni Polk, Sharon Kurtz, and Cynthia Brown (Medical Center of Arlington); Joe Johnston, Christopher Phelps, James Garrison Jr, Pablo Feuillet, Maria Robles, Mayra Castillo, Monica Yates, Patrice Stark, and Kelley Boston (Methodist Stone Oak Hospital); Preston Blake, Carol Harmon, Debra Douglas, and Laura Netardus (North Florida Regional Medical Center); Eric Keyser, Barbara Wallace, Marcy Frisina, and Sheryl Creech (Ocala Regional Medical Center); Aida Jimenez-Sanchez, Trudy Jackson, and Charlotte Evans (Osceola Regional Medical Center); David Itkin and Martha Wassell (Portsmouth Regional Hospital); Vanda Davidson, Charlotte Pate, and Clarence Book (Rapides Regional Medical Center); Richard Sall, Trudy Grillo, Cindy Robinson, and Anne Finnerty (Reston Hospital); Robert Maddalon, Eleanor Cardwell, and Debra Tichy (South Bay Hospital); Eric Stem, James Dalton Jr, William Jones, and Becky Robinson (Summerville Medical Center); Michaela Schulte, Teresa Jones, and Ginna Maggard (West Valley Medical Center). Members of the technical expert panel were compensated for their time from the AHRQ contract. No other contributors received compensation for their contribution.