We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Comment & Response |

Hospitalization for Pneumonia and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease—Reply

Vicente F. Corrales-Medina, MD, MSc1; Karina N. Alvarez, MS2; Sachin Yende, MD, MS2
[+] Author Affiliations
1Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
2Clinical Research, Investigation, and Systems Modeling of Acute Illness Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
JAMA. 2015;313(17):1753-1754. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.3133.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


In Reply Dr Violi and colleagues raise the possibility that an association between hospitalization for pneumonia and subsequent increase in CVD risk may be confounded by differential use of aspirin prior to the occurrence of pneumonia. We did not include aspirin usage because it was missing in 11% to 40% of participants at various time points during the first 10 years of follow-up in the CHS. The Table shows aspirin use based on data collected at baseline and at additional time points prior to hospitalization for pneumonia if these data were available. Aspirin use was similar between the 2 groups, suggesting that confounding by unaccounted aspirin use is unlikely.


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview




May 5, 2015
Francesco Violi, MD; Roberto Cangemi, MD, PhD; Camilla Calvieri, MD
1Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
2Department of Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Nephrology, Anesthesiology, and Geriatric Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
JAMA. 2015;313(17):1753. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.3130.
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

See Also...