JAMA. 1920;74(15):1036-1037. doi:10.1001/jama.1920.02620150044023.
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Feb. 26, 1920.

Eight-Hour Day in Paris Hospitals  The eight-hour day, which has been in force in Paris hospitals since the beginning of the year, is giving deplorable results, and the Journal des Praticiens contains a bitter arraignment of the system. Among the inconveniences arising out of the new system the most important are: the reduction of the hospital personnel at 4: 30 p. m. to one supervisor for four wards and to one nurse for each ward; the disorganized condition of the hospital service between 11 a. m. and 2 p. m. during the time a large part of the personnel are taking their meals outside of the hospital, and the necessity of enlisting the services of a new personnel that is far from satisfactory. The present system interferes especially with the intern on his second round. In order to have an opportunity to do any useful work, the


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