One of the most important and interesting phases of the American Red Cross Work in France is the care of refugee children in the war zone. This work is carried out under the auspices of the children's bureau, which was organized in July of last year. The first work of this character undertaken was the establishment of an asylum and hospital for children at Toul, in the Meurthe and Moselle Department. This medical and relief work, with the help of the French civilian and military authorities, has been developed along such extensive lines that today the children's bureau, through this institution and traveling dispensaries, is able to bring help to the entire child population of the department, the fighting front of which, as all know, is the original sector taken over by the American expeditionary forces.
The need of this work can be better appreciated when it is recalled that