Study concept and design: Osborne, Nicholas, Ryan, Dimick.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Osborne, Nicholas, Thumma, Dimick.
Drafting of the manuscript: Osborne, Thumma, Dimick.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Osborne, Nicholas, Ryan, Dimick.
Statistical analysis: Osborne, Nicholas, Ryan, Thumma, Dimick.
Obtained funding: Dimick.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Nicholas, Dimick.
Study supervision: Dimick.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Dimick reports being a consultant and has an equity interest in ArborMetrix, which provides software and analytics for measuring hospital quality and efficiency, and receiving personal fees from the University of Virginia, University of Maryland, University of South Florida, University of Cincinnati, and Vanderbilt University. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by a grant R01AG039434 from the National Institute on Aging (Drs Dimick, Osborne, and Nicholas).
Role of the Sponsors: The National Institute on Aging had no role in the design and conduct of this study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or preparation of the manuscript.
Disclaimer: The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent the views of the United States government.