Published Online: November 4, 2007 (doi:10.1001 /jama.298.20.joc70124).
Author Contributions: Drs Granger and Jollis had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Jollis, Roettig, Berger, Hathaway, Hoekstra, Kelly, Granger.
Acquisition of data: Jollis, Roettig, Aluko, Applegate, Babb, Berger, Bohle, Fletcher, Garvey, Hathaway, Hoekstra, Kelly, Maddox, Shiber, Valeri, Watling, Wilson, Granger.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Jollis, Roettig, Anstrom, Applegate, Berger, Fletcher, Garvey, Kelly, Shiber, Granger.
Drafting of the manuscript: Jollis, Aluko, Berger, Kelly, Wilson, Granger.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Jollis, Roettig, Aluko, Anstrom, Applegate, Babb, Berger, Bohle, Fletcher, Garvey, Hathaway, Hoekstra, Kelly, Maddox, Shiber, Valeri, Watling, Granger.
Statistical analysis: Jollis, Anstrom, Hoekstra, Granger.
Obtained funding: Jollis, Babb, Berger, Hoekstra, Shiber, Granger.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Jollis, Roettig, Aluko, Berger, Bohle, Fletcher, Garvey, Hathaway, Hoekstra, Kelly, Maddox, Shiber, Valeri.
Study supervision: Jollis, Applegate, Garvey, Hathaway, Hoekstra, Kelly, Maddox, Shiber, Wilson, Granger.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This work was sponsored by an unrestricted grant of $1 million from Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina and endorsed by the North Carolina Chapter of the American College of Cardiology and the North Carolina Office of Emergency Medical Services. It was also supported by Genentech in providing customized use of the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction data for consenting RACE hospitals, all participating hospitals, emergency medical services, and health care professionals. Although most of the personnel involved in the study were involved because a function of their job duties focused on cardiac care, the RACE study employed 5 full-time regional coordinators (with half of their support provided by regional PCI hospitals) and a full-time state director.
Role of the Sponsor: Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina and Genentech had no role in the design and conduct of the study, analysis and interpretation of the data, or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
The RACE Regional PCI Steering Teams and Participating Hospitals by Region (driving time in minutes to PCI center): Asheville: Lourdes Lorenz, RN, MSN (regional coordinator); William Hathaway, MD; William Maddox, MD; Stace Horrine, MD; Jason Hunt, MD; Dale Fell, Wendy Westling, Stephanie Morrow, Jennifer Arledge. Participating Hospitals in Asheville: Mission Hospitals, Asheville (PCI); Angel Medical Center, Franklin (75); Harris Regional Hospital, Sylva (60); Haywood Regional Medical Center, Waynesville (30); Highlands-Cashiers, Highlands (115); Mc Dowell Hospital, Marion (38); Murphy Medical Center, Murphy (135); Pardee Hospital, Hendersonville (35); Park Ridge Hospital, Fletcher (30); Rutherford Hospital, Rutherfordton (60); Spruce Pine Community Hospital, Spruce Pine (72); St Luke's Hospital, Columbus (45); Transylvania Community Hospital, Brevard (35). Charlotte: Marla Jordan, RN, BSN (regional coordinator); Akinyele Aluko, MD; Sidney Fletcher, MD; Lee Garvey, MD; Scott Valeri, MD; Brad Watling, MD; Hadley Wilson, MD; Casey Bridges, Jackie Bowker, Kevin Collier, Angela Humphreys, Collin Lane, Rosanne Short, Richard Pearce, Sharon Sorrell, Patricia Pye, Cathy Rabb. Participating Hospitals in Charlotte: Carolinas Medical Center (CMC) (PCI), CMC-Mercy (PCI), and Presbyterian Hospital (PCI), Charlotte: CMC-Lincoln, Lincolnton (47); CMC-Pineville, Charlotte (21); CMC-Union, Monroe (35); CMC-University, Charlotte (18); Cleveland Regional Medical Center, Shelby (60); Lake Norman Regional Medical Center, Mooresville (29); Presbyterian Hospital, Huntersville (19); Presbyterian Hospital, Matthews (16); Rowan Regional Medical Center, Salisbury (51). Durham-Greensboro-Chapel Hill: Jenny Underwood, RN, BSN (regional coordinator); Robert Beaton, MD; Ian Buchanan, MD; Bruce Brodie, MD; Christopher Granger, MD; James Jollis, MD; Charles Wilson, MD; Robert Kelly, MD; George Stouffer, MD; Thomas Stuckey, MD; Lois Pradka, Catherine Rege, Karen Pierce. Participating Hospitals in Durham-Greensboro-Chapel Hill: Duke University Medical Center, Durham (PCI), Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital, Greensboro (PCI), and North Carolina Memorial Hospital, Chapel-Hill (PCI): Alamance Regional Medical Center, Burlington (35); Annie Penn Hospital, Reidsville (30); Chatham Hospital, Siler City (47); Franklin Regional Medical Center, Louisburg (64); Maria Parham Medical Center, Henderson (42); Morehead Memorial Hospital, Eden (48); Person Memorial Hospital, Roxboro (47); Randolph Hospital, Asheboro (28); Sampson Regional Medical Center, Clinton (101); Wesley Long Community Hospital, Greensboro (6). Eastern North Carolina: Mary Printz, RN, FNP-C (regional coordinator); Joseph Babb, MD; Timothy Reeder, MD; John Rose, MD; Joseph Shiber, MD; Sue Edwards, Mary Yahnker, Jerry Fath, Mary Alice Nobles, Brian Floyd. Participating Hospitals in Eastern North Carolina: Pitt County Memorial Hospital, Greenville (PCI): Beaufort County Hospital, Washington (34); Bertie Memorial Hospital, Windsor (55); Chowan Hospital, Edenton (94); Duplin General Hospital, Kenansville (88); Halifax Regional Medical Center, Roanoke Rapids (97); Heritage Hospital, Tarboro (35); Lenoir Memorial Hospital, Kinston (43); Martin General Hospital, Williamston (50); Nash General Hospital, Rocky Mount (51); Onslow Memorial, Jacksonville (102); Our Community Hospital, Scotland Neck (70); Pungo District Hospital, Belhaven (77); Roanoke-Chowan hospital, Ahoskie (74); Washington County Hospital, Plymouth (78). Winston-Salem: Lisa Monk, RN, MSN (regional coordinator); Stephanie Starling-Edwards, RN, BSN (regional coordinator); Robert Applegate, MD; David Bohle, MD; James Hoekstra, MD; Greggory Tarleton, MD; Paul Hammes, Jeannie Kiger, Rich Lundy, Derek Woods. Participating Hospitals in Winston-Salem: Forsyth Medical Center (PCI) and Wake Forest University/Baptist Medical Center (PCI), Winston-Salem: Alleghany Memorial Hospital, Sparta (84); Ashe Memorial Hospital, Jefferson (104); Davis Regional Medical Center, Statesville (35); Hugh Chatham Memorial Hospital, Elkin (48); Iredell Memorial Hospital, Statesville (39); Northern Hospital of Surry County, Mount Airy (28); Lexington Memorial Hospital, Lexington (45); Thomasville Medical Center, Thomasville (38); Twin County Regional Hospital, Galax (84); Wilkes Regional Medical Center, N. Wilkesboro (58). State Central Steering Committee: Christopher Granger, MD; Mayme Lou Roettig, RN; James Jollis, MD. Oversight Board: Robert Califf, MD; Pamela Douglas, MD; Robert Harris, MD; Greg Mears, MD; William O’Neill, MD.