Study concept and design: Bobb, Dominici.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Bobb, Obermeyer, Dominici.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Bobb, Obermeyer, Dominici.
Obtained funding: Bobb, Dominici.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Wang.
Study supervision: Dominici.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences grants R21ES022585 (to Drs Bobb and Dominici), P30ES000002 (to Drs Bobb and Wang), 2001196559 (to Drs Wang and Dominici), and R01ES019560, R21ES020152, 2001382807, and 5R21ES021427-02 (to Dr Dominici); Environmental Protection Agency grants RD-83479801, 4909-RFA11-1/12-3, and 83489401-0 (to Dr Dominici); National Institutes of Health Office of the Director grant DP5 OD012161 (to Dr Obermeyer); National Cancer Institute grant 2P01CA134294-06 (to Drs Wang and Dominici); and Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality grant 1K18HS021991-01A1 (to Drs Wang and Dominici).
Role of the Funders/Sponsors: The funding agencies/sponsors listed above had no involvement in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; or decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The research described in this article was funded wholly or in part by the US Environmental Protection Agency through a grant to Harvard School of Public Health but it has not been subjected to the Environmental Protection Agency’s required peer and policy review and therefore does not necessarily reflect the views of the Environmental Protection Agency and no official endorsement should be inferred.
Additional Contributions: We thank Stacey C. Tobin, PhD, ELS, the Tobin Touch, who was compensated to provide editorial assistance.