Author Contributions: Dr Dorsey had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Dorsey, Staedke, Kamya, Rosenthal.
Acquisition of data: Dorsey, Staedke, Clark, Njama-Meya, Nzarubara, Maiteki-Sebuguzi, Dokomajilar.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Dorsey, Clark, Rosenthal.
Drafting of the manuscript: Dorsey, Staedke, Clark, Njama-Meya, Nzarubara, Maiteki-Sebuguzi, Kamya, Rosenthal.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Dorsey, Staedke, Clark, Njama-Meya, Dokomajilar, Kamya, Rosenthal.
Statistical analysis: Dorsey.
Obtained funding: Dorsey, Staedke, Rosenthal.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Dorsey, Clark, Njama-Meya, Nzarubara, Maiteki-Sebuguzi, Dokomajilar, Kamya, Rosenthal.
Study supervision: Dorsey, Staedke, Clark, Kamya, Rosenthal.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: The study received financial support from the National Institutes of Health (U01 AI052142) and the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation (Dr Rosenthal is a Doris Duke Charitable Foundation Distinguished Clinical Scientist).
Role of the Sponsor: The funding agencies had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Acknowledgment: We are grateful to all the parents and guardians for kindly giving their consent and the study participants for their cooperation. We thank all the members of the study team in Uganda.