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History of Surgery

Lazar J. Greenfield, MD, Reviewer
JAMA. 2006;296(6):704-709. doi:10.1001/jama.296.6.704.
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Left: “Medieval, seventeenth-, and nineteenth-century forceps. A: Arrow extraction with pivoting forceps, thirteenth century. B: Dental extraction forceps, Arabic, tenth century. . . . C: Box-jointed artery forceps, early seventeenth century, with ligature, opening spring, and articulating catch for rack. . . . D: Section of forceps to demonstrate Charrière's concept of the modern-style rack and catch ( . . . 1862). E: Koeberle's artery forceps, circa 1867, with pin-and-hole catch. . . . ” Right: “A silver stitching cannula, mid seventeenth century, employed in the left hand. A: Full-length view to show excavated extremity, terminal ring, and proximal turned cap protecting cavity for needles. . . . B: Close-up of extremity to show terminal ring used to steady tissues, during which a needle point is passed through the ring by the right hand.” From: The Evolution of Surgical Instruments: An Illustrated History From Ancient Times to the Twentieth Century, by John Kirkup. Reproduced by permission.



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