Author Contributions: Drs Hochman and Sleeper had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Hochman, Sleeper, Webb, White.
Acquisition of data: Webb, Dzavik, Buller, Aylward, Col, White.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Hochman, Sleeper, Webb, Dzavik, Buller, Aylward, White.
Drafting of the manuscript: Hochman, Sleeper.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Hochman, Sleeper, Webb, Dzavik, Buller, Aylward, Col, White.
Statistical analysis: Sleeper.
Obtained funding: Hochman, Sleeper.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Hochman, Webb, Aylward, Col.
Study supervision: Hochman, Webb.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: The SHOCK Trial was supported by grants from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) (R01 HL50020 and R01-HL49970 for long-term follow-up).
Role of the Sponsor: The NHLBI had no role in the design or conduct of the study or in the collection, management, or analysis of the data, other than oversight provided by the NHLBI project office and by an independent data and safety monitoring board.
Sites and Personnel Performing Long-term Telephone Follow-Up:St Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia: J. Webb, T. Kot; Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver: C. Buller, R. Fox; St Lukes-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY: J. Slater, D. Tormey; New York Hospital Center, Queens, NY: P. Stylianos, M. Brown; Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY: R. Steingart, M. E. Coglianase; University of Alberta, Edmonton: W. Tymchak, L. Harris; Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, Australia: P. Aylward, S. Kovaricek; Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels, Belgium: J. Col, R. Lauwers; Green Lane Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand: H. White, K. Speed; CHR Citadelle, Liege, Belgium: J. Boland, M. Massoz; SUNY at Stony Brook, New York: W. Lawson, T. Adkins; New York Hospital Cornell, New York, NY: D. Miller.
Sites and Personnel Searching Vital Status:Boston University Hospital, Boston, Mass: A. Jacobs, D. Fine; University of Arkansas: J. Saucedo, S. Canterbury; Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, Mass: M. Porway, J. Provencher; Montefiore Hospital of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY: M. Menegus, B. Levine; JD Weiler Hospital of Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY: R. Forman, P. Sicilia; University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick: S. Palmeri.
Acknowledgment: We thank the SHOCK investigators, coordinators, and patients, and Patrice Desvigne-Nickens, MD, NHLBI project officer, for their contributions.