Author Contributions: Drs McKinlay and Trachtenberg had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Bellinger, Tavares, McKinlay.
Acquisition of data: Bellinger, Barregard, Tavares, Daniel.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Bellinger, Trachtenberg, Barregard, McKinlay.
Drafting of the manuscript: Bellinger, Trachtenberg, Tavares, McKinlay.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Bellinger, Trachtenberg, Barregard, Tavares, Daniel, McKinlay.
Statistical analysis: Bellinger, Trachtenberg.
Obtained funding: Bellinger, Tavares, McKinlay.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Bellinger, Tavares, Daniel.
Study supervision: Bellinger, Tavares, Daniel, McKinlay.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by a cooperative agreement (U01 DE11886) between the New England Research Institutes and the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.
Role of the Sponsor: The New England Research Institutes and the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research participated in the design and conduct of the study and approval of the manuscript.
Acknowledgment: We wish to acknowledge the contributions of the following people: senior pediatric dentist Jennifer Soncini, DMD (Forsyth Institute, Boston, Mass) and clinical coordinators Katherine Gregory (Franklin County Dental Center, Farmington, Me), and Valarie Smith (Forsyth Institute, Boston, Mass); the senior neuropsychological testers, Mandy Pelotte, MS, and Jody Lewis, PhD (Farmington, Me), Karen Meares and Deborah Benador, MS (Boston, Mass); the team at New England Research Institutes (Watertown, Mass), including statistician Susan Assmann, PhD, project director Elisabeth Meurer, EdM, data management Joan Landon, MPH, and Keryn Schiavoni, epidemiologist Nancy Maserejian, ScD, and consultant Catherine Hayes, DMD, DMSc (Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Mass). All individuals named received compensation for their contributions.