Author Contributions: Dr Flum had full access
to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity
of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Flum, Dellinger,
Acquisition of data: Flum, Salem, Dellinger,
Analysis and interpretation of data: Flum,
Broeckel Elrod, Dellinger, Cheadle, Chan.
Drafting of the manuscript: Flum, Dellinger,
Critical revision of the manuscript for important
intellectual content: Flum, Salem, Broeckel Elrod, Dellinger, Cheadle,
Statistical analysis: Flum, Dellinger, Cheadle,
Obtained funding: Flum, Salem.
Administrative, technical, or material support:
Flum, Broeckel Elrod, Dellinger, Chan.
Study supervision: Flum, Chan.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This work was funded in part
by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases grants
1UO1DK066568-01 and R21 DK069677-01.
Role of the Sponsor: The study’s sponsor
had no role in the design and conduct of the study, in the collection, analysis,
and interpretation of the data, or in the preparation, review, or approval
of the manuscript.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article
are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Centers for Medicare
and Medicaid Services or the University of Washington. Dr Flum was not involved
in the editorial evaluation or decision to publish this article.