Author Contributions: Dr Sierles had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Sierles, Brodkey, Cleary, Frank, Lynn, Chao, Morgenstern.
Acquisition of data: Sierles, Cleary, McCurdy, Mintz, Lynn, Chao, Morgenstern, Shore.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Sierles, Brodkey, Woodard, Cleary, McCurdy, Frank, Lynn, Chao, Morgenstern.
Drafting of the manuscript: Sierles, Brodkey, Morgenstern, Shore.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Sierles, Brodkey, Cleary, McCurdy, Mintz, Frank, Lynn, Chao, Morgenstern, Woodard.
Statistical analysis: Woodard, Sierles, Brodkey.
Administrative, technical and material support: Sierles, Cleary, McCurdy, Lynn, Chao.
Supervision: Sierles, Brodkey, Lynn.
Financial Disclosures: Dr Lynn has received grants from the following for clinical research: Berlex Laboratories, Teva Neuroscience, Serono, Acorda Therapeutics, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Neurocrine Biosciences, Biogen IDEC, Genentech, and Abbott Laboratories; honoraria (for public speaking) and consulting fees from: Berlex Laboratories, Teva Neuroscience, Biogen IDEC, Cephalon, and Serono; and stock ownership of less than $10 000 with Abbott Laboratories and Merck. No other authors reported disclosures.
Funding/Support: The Alliance for Clinical Education (ACE) funded supplies (cover letter, survey form, envelopes, postage) for the 2005 student affairs survey of deans. There was no other external funding.
Role of the Sponsor: ACE had no role in design and conduct of the study, in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data, or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Acknowledgment: We thank Michael Steinman, MD, University of California, San Francisco, and Joel Lexchin, MD, York University, Toronto, Canada, for their suggestions about the questionnaire and the manuscript (including Dr Steinman’s recommendations for major revisions); Gregory Brotzman, MD, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, for his suggestions about the questionnaire; Gary Beck, BA, University of Nebraska for obtaining institutional review board approval and administering the questionnaire at the University of Nebraska; Susanna Sung, BA, Rosalind Franklin University, for orchestrating the data transfer; and Terrie Stengel, MBA, National-Louis University, Wheeling, Ill, for her copyediting recommendations. None of these acknowledged persons received a sponsor’s compensation for his or her contribution. We also thank ACE for hosting the 2002 annual meeting at which the decision to conduct this study was made. ACE consists of leaders of 7 clerkship directors’ organizations nationally. Its mission is to foster collaboration across specialties to promote excellence in medical student clinical education.