Adoption has been a part of human culture since earliest recorded times:
Moses is perhaps the most famous adopted person in history.1,2 Fascination
with adoption pervades literature (from fairy tales and myths to modern novels),
psychology, and medicine. Researchers have long studied adoption in attempts
to isolate the effects of “nature” and “nurture” on
behavioral outcomes and mental health.3 Genetic
factors, separation from birth parents, environmental exposures (both prenatal
and postnatal), and aspects of the adoptive home environment have all been
cited as possible contributors to adverse behavioral and mental health outcomes
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