Bipolar disorder is one of the world’s 10 most disabling conditions,
taking away years of healthy functioning from individuals who have the illness.1 With no predilection for nation, race, or socioeconomic
status, classic manic-depressive illness has a prevalence of approximately
1% across all populations.2 However, the personal
and societal costs of bipolar disorders are not limited to the more traditional
bipolar I subtype, which includes episodes of full-blown mania and major depression.3 Bipolar II disorder, involving episodes of less severe
hypomania and major depression, and bipolar spectrum subtypes, which probably
bring the prevalence of all bipolar disorders to more than 3% of US individuals,
can also be devastating conditions. All bipolar disorders are chronically
recurring illnesses associated with substantial morbidity and mortality.4- 6
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