This analysis examined six risk factors for heart disease and stroke:
high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, current smoking, physical
inactivity, and obesity. Persons reported whether they were ever told by a
doctor or other health professional that they had high blood pressure, high
cholesterol, or diabetes. Current smoking was defined as having smoked at
least 100 cigarettes during one’s lifetime and still smoking by the
date of the survey. Physical inactivity was assessed by a “no”
response to the question, “During the past month, other than your regular
job, did you participate in any physical activities or exercises, such as
running, calisthenics, golf, gardening, or walking for exercise?” Obesity
was defined as having a body mass index ≥30.0 kg/m2 on the basis
of self-reported height and weight.4 Multiple-risk–factor
status was defined as having two or more of the six risk factors. Differences
in the prevalence of multiple risk factors were examined by age, sex, race/ethnicity,
education, income, and employment status; pregnant women were excluded from
analysis. Data were weighted to reflect the noninstitutionalized, civilian
population of each state/territory. Statistical software was used to account
for the complex sampling design. Data were age-standardized to the 2000 U.S.
standard population. Age-specific and age-adjusted prevalences are reported.
For this report, references to white and black populations mean non-Hispanic
whites and non-Hispanic blacks, respectively.